Son of Gustave Eiffel and Marguerite Gaudelet Husband of Lucie Martin-Delpué Brother of Claire Eiffel; Laure le Grain; Edouard Eiffel and Valentine Eiffel. Try this experiment: Ask people you know, “Who designed the Eiffel tower… Eiffel’s Other Masterpieces. This was greater than the longest arch span which had been built at the time. Interested in construction at an early age, he attended the … It is not only a prominent tourist attraction in France but is also considered a work of art today by the Parisans and critics. The task was a demanding one: the river was fast-flowing, up to 20 m (66 ft) deep, and had a bed formed of a deep layer of gravel which made the construction of piers on the river bed impossible, and so the bridge had to have a central span of 160 m (520 ft). The growth of the railway network had an immense effect on people's lives, but although the enormous number of bridges and other work undertaken by Eiffel were an important part of this, the two works that did most to make him famous are the Statue of Liberty and the Eiffel Tower, both projects of immense symbolic importance and today internationally recognized landmarks. Weaving was a common profession among his family members, but it was two chemist uncles who would have an outsized influence on him. Alexandre Gustave Eiffel was born on Dec. 15, 1832, and grew up in Dijon, the capital of Burgundy. In Paris, on December, 27th 1923, Gustave Eiffel was listening to Bethoven's 5th symphony when he died from a cerebral hemorrhage.. Since the lifts were not yet in operation, the ascent was made by foot, and took over an hour, Eiffel frequently stopping to make explanations of various features. ;This is the story of Gustave Eiffel (1832-1923) and of the conception, and controversial construction of the tower that bears his name, perhaps the most famous tall building in the world. Gustave never married again. Gustave Eiffel est un ingénieur et entrepreneur français de la fin du XIXe siècle, essentiellement connu pour la réalisation de la tour qui porte son nom, à Paris. Biografia Nasceu a 15 de dezembro de 1832 em Dijon, França. On voit dans ces quelques photos la Tour Eiffel construite par les villageois aux abords du château PICCIONI, lors de la venue de Gustave Eiffel chez sa fille Valentine.. SUIVRE LE LIEN The Top 25 Wrestling Announcers Of All Time, Celebrities Who Are Not In The Limelight Anymore. [7] The family adopted the name Eiffel as a reference to the Eifel mountains in the region from which they had come. Eiffel's proposal was for a bridge whose deck was supported by five iron piers, with the abutments of the pair on the river bank also bearing a central supporting arch. Later, his father left his job to join the business. On February 9, 1893 he was found guilty and sentenced for two years in prison along with a fine of 20,000 francs. After discussing the technical problems and emphasising the practical uses of the tower, he finished his talk by saying that the tower would symbolise[24].mw-parser-output .templatequote{overflow:hidden;margin:1em 0;padding:0 40px}.mw-parser-output .templatequote .templatequotecite{line-height:1.5em;text-align:left;padding-left:1.6em;margin-top:0}, "not only the art of the modern engineer, but also the century of Industry and Science in which we are living, and for which the way was prepared by the great scientific movement of the eighteenth century and by the Revolution of 1789, to which this monument will be built as an expression of France's gratitude.". 3. Décès 27 décembre 1923 (à 91 ans). Place Of Death: Paris, 1 Rue Rabelais. 1863: Claire Eiffel, his first daughter, was born. Having failed the Ecole polytechnique entrance exam, he attends the Ecole Centrale in Paris. Paris almost missed out on housing the icon. Every night, 20,000 bulbs light up the Eiffel Tower, creating the famous evening skyline we all know so well. In 1879 the partnership with Seyrig was dissolved, and the company was renamed the Compagnie des Établissements Eiffel. En 1877, Gustave Eiffel perd son épouse prématurément. As well as exhibiting models and drawings of work undertaken by the company, Eiffel was also responsible for the construction of several of the exhibition buildings. Gustave Eiffel (1832-1923) a eu cinq enfants : Claire, Laure, Edouard, Valentine et Albert. The enhanced idea gained Eiffel's support for the project, and he bought the rights to the patent on the design which Koechlin, Nougier and Sauvestre had taken out. 1:14. Due to his mother's business commitments, Gustave spent his childhood living with his grandmother, but nevertheless remained close to his mother, who was to remain an influential figure until her death in 1878. Following complaints about noise from people living nearby, he moved his experiments to a new establishment at Auteuil in 1912. Signature modifier Gustave Eiffel , né Bonickhausen dit Eiffel le 15 décembre 1832 à Dijon et mort le 27 décembre 1923 à Paris , est un ingénieur centralien et un industriel français , qui a notamment participé à la construction de la tour Eiffel à Paris , du viaduc de Garabit et de la statue de la Liberté à New York . [19] He is famous for co-designing the Eiffel Tower, built 1887–1889 for the 1889 Universal Exposition in Paris, France, the Garabit viaduct, the highest in the world at the time, [citation needed] near Ruynes-en-Margeride, Cantal, France, and the Faidherbe Bridge over the Sénégal River in Senegal. Caption reads 'Gustave Eiffel', dated 11 May 1889. Eiffel's principal job was to draw up the arch girders of the Galerie des Machines. He is best known for the world-famous Eiffel Tower, built for the 1889 Universal Exposition in Paris, and his contribution to building the Statue of Liberty in New York., Top NBA Players With No Championship Rings. The usual pattern for building a railway terminus was to conceal the metal structure behind an elaborate facade: Eiffel's design for Budapest used the metal structure as the centerpiece of the building, flanked on either side by conventional stone and brick-clad structures housing administrative offices. On 9 February 1893 Eiffel was found guilty on the charge of misuse of funds, and was fined 20,000 francs and sentenced to two years in prison,[33] although he was acquitted on appeal. [34] The later American-built canal used new lock designs (see History of the Panama Canal). Eiffel had calculated that this would be satisfactory until they approached halfway to the first level: accordingly work was stopped for the purpose of erecting a wooden supporting scaffold. Gustave Eiffel yasa menara Eiffel kanggé Paris World's Fair. He is famous for co-designing the Eiffel Tower, built 1887–1889 for the 1889 Universal Exposition in Paris, France, the Garabit viaduct, the highest in the world at the time, [citation needed] near Ruynes-en-Margeride, Cantal, France, and the Faidherbe Bridge over the Sénégal River in Senegal. The wind tunnel was used to investigate the characteristics of the airfoil sections used by the early pioneers of aviation such as the Wright Brothers, Gabriel Voisin and Louis Blériot. The work of the tower began in 1887 which included 2,500,000 rivets and 12,000 other components, all designed in such a way that when assembled would handle wind pressure. Dijon, (France). He was a descendant of Jean-René Bönickhausen, who had emigrated from the German town of Marmagen and settled in Paris at the beginning of the 18th century. Elle restera toujours aux côtés de son père, même après son mariage avec Adolphe Salles. Ghenh Bridge and Rach Cat Bridge in Bien Hoa city, Santa Efigênia Viaduct, São Paulo, Brazil (1913), Dam on Great Bačka Canal, Bečej, Vojvodina, Serbia (1900), Casa del Cura (also called Casa Eiffel), in, This page was last edited on 28 November 2020, at 01:23. 6. This was the most important building in a complex designed by Charles Garnier, later among the most prominent critics of the Tower. Video. "[35] The company changed its name to La Société Constructions Levallois-Perret, with Maurice Koechlin as managing director. 2019 - Alexandre Gustave Bönickhausen. Those for the east and south legs were straightforward, each leg resting on four 2 m (6.6 ft) concrete slabs, one for each of the principal girders of each leg but the other two, being closer to the river Seine were more complicated: each slab needed two piles installed by using compressed-air caissons 15 m (49 ft) long and 6 m (20 ft) in diameter driven to a depth of 22 m (72 ft)[27] to support the concrete slabs, which were 6 m (20 ft) thick. Like the Douro bridge, the project involved a lengthy viaduct crossing the river valley as well as the river itself, and Eiffel was given the job without any process of competitive tendering due to his success with the bridge over the Douro. Gustave Eiffel. A number of different types were produced, ranging from footbridges to standard-gauge railway bridges. The Eiffel Tower isn't just a symbol of Paris but a symbol for all of France. Chrono=451 Own of the Eiffel Tower's diamond lights : the rarest gesmtone you can give as a gift this Valentine's Day. Garabit Viaduct was another creation designed and built by Eiffel for a while it was the tallest bridge in the world. Muhammad Ali - Float Like a Butterfly, Sting Like a Bee. He was already working independently on the construction of two railway stations, at Toulouse and Agen, and in 1866 he was given a contract to oversee the construction of 33 locomotives for the Egyptian government, a profitable but undemanding job in the course of which he visited Egypt, where he visited the Suez Canal which was being constructed by Ferdinand de Lesseps. This had been patented by Eiffel in 1881. Video. AKA Gustave Alexandre Eiffel. Eiffel devised a structure consisting of a four legged pylon to support the copper sheeting which made up the body of the statue. On-site work began in January 1876 and was complete by the end of October 1877: the bridge was ceremonially opened by King Luís I and Queen Maria Pia, after whom the bridge was named, on 4 November. Renommé pour Constructions métalliques : ponts, Viaduc de Garabit (1884), Tour Eiffel (1887-1889). Alexandre Gustave Eiffel fondly called ‘the magician of iron’ was a French master engineer and architect. [17] Educação Gustave Eiffel, em 1843, estudou no Colégio Sainte-Barbe, um dos mais antigos de Paris. The design of the Eiffel Tower was originated by Maurice Koechlin and Emile Nouguier, who had discussed ideas for a centrepiece for the 1889 Exposition Universelle. Ingénieur de formation, Eiffel a fondé puis développé son entreprise spécialisée dans les charpentes métalliques, dont la tour Eiffel marque le couronnement, avant de dédier les trente dernières années de sa vie à … This completes the purpose of the association which is to make Gustave Eiffel known to a wide audience. The design was exhibited at the Exhibition of Decorative Arts in the autumn of 1884, and on 30 March 1885 Eiffel read a paper on the project to the Société des Ingénieurs Civils. Renommé pour Constructions métalliques : ponts, Viaduc de Garabit (1884), Tour Eiffel (1887-1889). Eiffel was initially given the responsibility of assembling the metalwork and eventually took over the management of the entire project from Nepveu, who resigned in March 1860.[13]. Post retirement from engineering he devoted the rest of his life studying meteorology and aerodynamics. Gustave Eiffel, Alexandre Gustave Eiffel, French civil engineer and architect, best known for the Eiffel Tower Gustave Eiffel (1832-1923), French engineer.(1880). Vanity Fair caricature by JB Guth (real name Jean-Baptiste Guth, 1883–1921). The Tower is also important because of its role in establishing the aesthetic potential of structures whose appearance is largely dictated by practical considerations. Born: 15-Dec-1832 Birthplace: Dijon, France Died: 27-Dec-1923 Location of death: Paris, France Cause of death: Natural Causes Remains: Buried, Cimetière de Levallois-Perret, Paris, France Gender: Male Race or Ethnicity: White Sexual orientation: Straight Occupation: Architect Nationality: France Executive summary: Designer of Eiffel Tower He then built a laboratory on the Champ de Mars at the foot of the tower in 1905, building his first wind tunnel there in 1909. After his retirement from the Compagnie des Etablissements Eiffel, Eiffel went on to do important work in meteorology and aerodynamics. He made a mark of his excellence in other countries including the United States, Spain, Brazil, Uruguay, Peru, Mexico and Chile among others. Alexandre Eiffel 1832 1923 Alexandre Gustave Eiffel (born Bönickhausen), 1832 - 1923. He got his first paid job as the secretary of Charles Nepveu, a railway engineer. ‘Compagnie Belge de Matériels de Chemin de Fer’, the company that took over a few businesses of Nepveu made him managing director of its two factories and eventually Eiffel headed the research department. Gustave Eiffel. [9] One of his noted works was designing of metallic structure of the ‘Statue of Liberty’ in the United States that fell on him after the sudden death of its original engineer. Gustave Eiffel lányának, Valentine-nak az utódai árverésre bocsátják április 18-án az Eiffel-torony ágyújának egyetlen másolatát - közölte a Christie's aukciósház. 905 J’aime. Advancing in his career in 1886, he designed a dome for the ‘Nice Observatory’, an astronomical observatory in Nice, France. He studied at the ‘Lycée Royal’ in Dijon and earned his baccalauréats in science and humanities. Although the family always used the name Eiffel, Gustave's name was registered at birt… * Gustave Eiffel (1832-1923) a eu cinq enfants : Claire, Laure, Edouard, Valentine et Albert. Unfortunately, she died prematurely fifteen years later. Gustave Eiffel utawi jangkepipun Alexandre Gustave Eiffel inggih punika insinyur saking Prancis ingkang ngrancang lan ngawasi yasanipun menara Eiffel ing taun 1889. The statue was opened in 1886. His researches, published in 1907 and 1911, on the resistance of the air in connection with aviation, are especially valuable. Alexandre Gustave Eiffel was born in France, in the Côte-d'Or, the first child of Catherine-Mélanie (née Moneuse) and Alexandre Bonickhausen dit Eiffel. Alexandre-Gustave Eiffel was born in Dijon, France on December 15, 1832. This was the year that Paris hosted the second World's Fair, and Eiffel was bought a season ticket by his mother[11], After graduation, Eiffel had hoped to find work in his uncle's workshop in Dijon, but a family dispute made this impossible. He was associated in constructing several bridges including the famous Garabit Viaduct for the railway network of France. Various parts of the project were manufactured in France and shipped to the site to be assembled there. Gustave Eiffel yasa menara Eiffel kanggé Paris World's Fair. AKA Gustave Alexandre Eiffel. Gustave Eiffel had five children, three girls and two boys. In his speech at the presentation of the medal, Alexander Graham Bell said:[39], ...his writings upon the resistance of the air have already become classical. Erected by Gustave Eiffel to commemorate the centennial of the French Revolution in 1889, the 1,050-foot (320-meter) tower once held the title of the world's tallest structure. Work on the foundations was complete by 30 June and the erection of the iron work was started. Alexandre Gustave Eiffel (15 Desember 1832 – 27 Desember 1923) was 'n Franse strukturele en lugvaart ingenieur.Hy is gebore in Dijon.Hy behaal sy graad met lof aan die École Centrale des Arts et Manufactures.Hy was aanvanklik geïnteresseerd in strukturele ingenieurswese en voltooi die spoorwegbrug oor die Garonnerivier in Bordeaux.In 1889 voltooi hy die Eiffel-toring. Here it was possible to build a larger wind tunnel, and Eiffel began to make tests using scale models of aircraft designs. Early Life. Valentine (1870-1966) a eu deux enfants, Marcel et Jean. One of his noted books on aerodynamics among the many he wrote is ‘Resistance of the Air and Aviation’. These used a small number of standard components, all small enough to be readily transportable in areas with poor or non-existent roads, and were joined together using bolts rather than rivets, reducing the need for skilled labour on site. After completing his graduation he did an unpaid job for a few months to assist his brother-in-law in a foundry. The entire statue was erected at the Eiffel works in Paris before being dismantled and shipped to the United States.[22]. Gustave eiffel par Mathieu Ferret - Guillaume Biasse aux éditions Quelle histoire. His father an ex-military man and served the French Army as an administrator and his mother was in the charcoal business that was passed on to her from her parents. Watch a short video about Gustave Eiffel and discover how he built the famed Eiffel Tower. Edouard Eiffel, tenant un bicycle Giclee Print by Alexandre-Gustave Eiffel. “Gustave Eiffel never stopped inventing and innovating. Founder/Co-Founder: Eiffel & Cie. Education: École Polytechnique, École Centrale Paris. FOLLOW LINK Most of the party chose to stop at the lower levels, but a few, including Nouguier, Compagnon, the President of the City Council and reporters from Le Figaro and Le Monde Illustré completed the climb. The parts of the statue were first assembled at his workshop in Paris and after checking it was again dismantled and shipped in parts to the US for its final assembly. Related Videos. The Eiffel Tower isn't just a symbol of Paris but a symbol for all of France. Awards Both men spent a lot of time with the young Eiffel, teaching him about everything from chemistry and mining to theology and philosophy. [37], A number of works of Gustave Eiffel are in danger today. The four legs, each at an angle of 54° to the ground, were initially constructed as cantilevers, relying on the anchoring bolts in the masonry foundation blocks. Gustave Eiffel, the French visionary engineer left a historical record thanks to his great architectural achievements. At the end of 1866 Eiffel managed to borrow enough money to set up his own workshops at 48 Rue Fouquet in Levallois-Perret. Émile Nouguier (17 February 1840 – 23 November 1897) was a French civil engineer and architect. Quotes By Gustave Eiffel Managed by: Samuel Austin - Le Maux: Last Updated: May 23, 2018 Appendix 1 Works by Eiffel's Company; Appendix 2 Eiffel's Honoured Scientists; Appendix 3 Films Featuring the Eiffel Tower; Notes and References; Bibliography. A budget for the Exposition was passed and on 1 May Lockroy announced an alteration to the terms of the open competition which was being held for a centerpiece for the exposition, which effectively made the choice of Eiffel's design a foregone conclusion: all entries had to include a study for a 300 m (980 ft) four-sided metal tower on the Champ de Mars. In 1912, he moved his set up from the tower to a new location at Auteuil and established a larger research laboratory there. In 1857 Nepveu negotiated a contract to build a railway bridge over the river Garonne at Bordeaux, connecting the Paris-Bordeaux line to the lines running to Sète and Bayonne, which involved the construction of a 500 m (1,600 ft) iron girder bridge supported by six pairs of masonry piers on the river bed.