Le Camp Lemonnier de Djibouti pourrait ainsi bientôt être supplanté par un important site militaire américain à Agadez, au Niger. “Certainly, for people living in Somalia, Niger, and Djibouti, the notion that the U.S. is not militarizing their countries rings false,” he added. expert on the U.S. military’s presence in Africa, personnel recovery and casualty evacuation services, intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance, Special Operations Command and Control Element. According to top secret documents obtained by The Intercept in 2015, elite troops from a unit known as Task Force 48-4 were involved in drone attacks in Somalia earlier this decade. “The distribution of bases suggests that the U.S. military is organized around three counter-terrorism theaters in Africa: the Horn of Africa — Somalia, Djibouti, Kenya; Libya; and the Sahel — Cameroon, Chad, Niger, Mali, Burkina Faso,” says Moore, noting that the U.S. has only one base in the south of the continent and has scaled back engagement in Central Africa in recent years. Okinawa prefecture constitutes 0.6% of Japan's land surface, yet as of 2006, 75% of all USFJ bases were located on Okinawa, and U.S. military bases occupied 18% of the main island. Les militaires américains en Afrique. Jump to navigation Jump to search. En Afrique australe, leur présence se limite à un site à Gaborone au Botswana. While troops and outposts periodically come and go from the continent, and some locations used by commandos conducting sensitive missions are likely kept under wraps, Teil’s map represents the most current and complete accounting available and indicates the areas of the continent of greatest concern to Africa Command. License Creative Commons Attribution license (reuse allowed) Show more Show less. CHRONIQUE DE KEMI SEBA SUR LES BASES MILITAIRES EN AFRIQUE. General controversy. La Croix de guerre instituée par le décret-loi du 26 septembre 1939 est en bronze florentin du module de 27 millimètres », lire : « 37 millimètres ». En Afrique de l’Ouest, les Etats-Unis comptent un site à Dakar, deux à Bamako et un escadron de coopération au Ghana. Only one base lies in the far south of the continent, a CSL in Botswana’s capital, Gaborone, that is run by the Army. Étudiante en administration économique et sociale à Rennes, je suis actuellement assistante de langue française dans un lycée à Palerme en Sicile. La présence militaire de la France en Afrique, imposée comme gage de sécurité et de stabilité, est observée depuis plus de 50 ans. C’est un commandement unifié pour l'Afrique créé par le Département de la Défense des États-Unis en 2007 et opérationnel depuis 2008. Since 2011, the U.S. has carried out approximately 550 drone strikes targeting al Qaeda and Islamic State militants in the restive North African nation. “Judging by its size and the infrastructure investments to date, Agadez more resembles massive bases that the military created in Iraq and Afghanistan than a small, unobtrusive, ‘lily pad,’” says Moore. All of these are located on the African continent except for an FOS on Britain’s Ascension Island in the south Atlantic. (Council on Foreign Relations, 2003) • Ramstein Air Base, the biggest U.S. base in Germany, costs about $1 billion annually—an amount equal to Germany's yearly contribution toward the upkeep of U.S. bases. After an initial penetration of the perimeter, Kenya Defense Forces and … et de maintenir les pays africains dans son sphère d’influence. Niamey, the country’s capital, is the location of Air Base 101, a longtime U.S. drone outpost attached to Diori Hamani International Airport; the site of a Special Operations Advanced Operations Base; and the West Africa node for AFRICOM’s contractor-provided personnel recovery and casualty evacuation services. Teil’s map shows a cluster of three unnamed and previously unreported contingency locations near the Libyan coastline. Afin d… la sujetion militaire du neocolonialisme. For the last 10 years, AFRICOM has not only sought to define its presence as limited in scope, but its military outposts as small, temporary, and little more than local bases where Americans are tenants. “We have been arming out of Niger, and we’ll use that as appropriate,” Waldhauser noted this summer, alluding to the presence of armed remotely piloted aircraft, or RPAs, now based there. « La composante aérienne du commandement américain en Afrique vient de terminer ou travaille actuellement sur près de 30 projets de construction dans quatre pays africains« , soulignent les rapports consultés par The Intercept. Teil’s briefing confirms, for the first time, that the U.S. military currently has more sites in Niger — five, including two cooperative security locations — than any other country on the western side of the continent. Il coordonne toutes les activités militaires et … The Intercept is a First Look Media Company. 91, August 2019. “You know, flying intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance drones out of Tunisia has been taking place for quite some time,” said Waldhauser, the AFRICOM commander, last year. AFRICOM’s 2015 posture plan also mentions contingency locations at Lakipia, the site of a Kenyan Air Force base, and another Kenyan airfield at Wajir that was upgraded and expanded by the U.S. Navy earlier in this decade. So Do the Whistleblowers Trump Imprisoned. “Our posture network allows forward staging of forces to provide operational flexibility and timely response to crises involving U. S. personnel or interests without creating the optic that U. S. Africa Command is militarizing Africa.”. In an 8 to 1 decision, the Court upheld a lower court's ruling that struck down an award of US $5 million to a slain soldier's father, Albert Snyder. Africa Command’s map also shows a contingency location in neighboring Tunisia, possibly Sidi Ahmed Air Base, a key regional U.S. drone outpost that has played an important role in air strikes in Libya in recent years. AFRICOM’s strategic posture also includes two contingency locations in Cameroon. Les talibans saluent la réduction de la présence militaire américaine. La France devra payer pour l'aide militaire américaine en Afrique. This air war has continued in the years since. Arlit also appeared as a proposed contingency location in a formerly secret 2015 AFRICOM posture plan obtained by The Intercept. Officially, a CSL is neither “a U.S. facility or base.” It is, according to the military, “simply a location that, when needed and with the permission of the partner country, can be used by U.S. personnel to support a wide range of contingencies.” The sheer dimensions, cost, and importance of Agadez seems to suggest otherwise. A CSL can also be found in Accra, Ghana, and another CSL is located on a small compound at Captain Andalla Cissé Air Base in Dakar, Senegal. extrait de ‘face a l’actualite’ du 6 septembre 2016 sur afrique media Themen Climat Écologie Environnement politique. RDC : Vidéo des mercenaires au service du régime ? One is an outpost in the north of the country, known as CL Garoua, which is used to fly drone missions and also as a base for the Army’s Task Force Darby, which supports Cameroonian forces fighting the terrorist group Boko Haram. Useful Links. That drone base, located at Nigerien Air Base 201, not only boasts a $100 million construction price tag but, with operating expenses, is estimated to cost U.S. taxpayers more than a quarter-billion dollars by 2024 when the 10-year agreement for its use ends. Le site américain The Intercept révèle une présence discrète mais massive de l’armée américaine en Afrique. AFRICOM’s 2015 posture plan lists proposed CLs in Gao and Mali’s capital, Bamako. Le Pentagone, le ministère américain de la Défense, a confirmé la construction en cours, au Niger, d'une base aérienne devant servir à déployer des drones. Les Américains disposent par ailleurs de pas moins de cinq sites militaires en Somalie, de quatre bases au Kenya, d’un site essentiellement consacré à la surveillance à Entebbe (Ouganda), de trois sites au Cameroun, dont une base de drones à Garoua, de deux sites au Tchad et d’un escadron pour la coopération militaire au Gabon. Another unidentified contingency location in Chad could be a CL in Faya Largeau, which was mentioned in AFRICOM’s 2015 posture plan. Get to know Ramstein Air Base: Northside Post Office (Finance-Customer Service) 2:08. Previously, Kismayo has been identified as a key outpost, while the declassified 2015 AFRICOM posture plan names proposed CLs in Baidoa, Bosaaso, and the capital, Mogadishu, as well as Berbera in the self-declared state of Somaliland. But through it all, U.S. Africa Command has fallen short of providing concrete information about its bases on the continent, leaving in question the true scope of the American presence there. Ce continent représente ainsi le deuxième théâtre des opérations américaines après le Moyen-Orient, avec un intérêt spécifique pour les bases de drones. According to Adam Moore, an assistant professor of geography at the University of California, Los Angeles and an expert on the U.S. military’s presence in Africa, “It is getting harder for the U.S. military to plausibly claim that it has a ‘light footprint’ in Africa. Still, there’s no denying the scope of AFRICOM’s network of outposts, nor the growth in infrastructure. Reporting by Vice News earlier this year indicated there were actually six new U.S facilities being constructed in Somalia as well as the expansion of Baledogle, a base for which a contract for “emergency runway repairs” was recently issued. The Libya attacks have continued under the Trump administration, with the latest acknowledged U.S. drone strike occurring near Al Uwaynat on November 29. The U.S. military presence in Niger gained widespread exposure last year when an October 4 ambush by ISIS in the Greater Sahara near the Mali border killed four U.S. soldiers, including Green Berets, and wounded two others. Since 2002, the base has expanded from 88 acres to nearly 600 acres and spun off a satellite outpost — a cooperative security location 10 kilometers to the southwest, where drone operations in the country were relocated in 2013. Hours after Moore made those comments, the Pentagon announced that six firms had been named under a potential five-year, $240 million contract for design and construction services for naval facilities in Africa, beginning with the expansion of the tarmac at Camp Lemonnier in Djibouti. 1er. China, for example, has just one base in Africa – a facility in Djibouti. A Pentagon investigation into the attack shed additional light on other key U.S. military sites in Niger including Ouallam and Arlit, where Special Operations forces (SOF) deployed in 2017, and Maradi, where SOF were sent in 2016. Innovation from the Ground Up. Six arrested in plot against US army base in New Jersey. Il coordonne toutes les activités militaires et sécuritaires … D’après un rapport de Peter Teil, conseiller technique au Pentagone, la plus importante base est le Camp Lemonnier à Djibouti qui est la « plateforme principale » des opérations américaines. Djibouti is home to the crown jewel of U.S. bases on the continent, Camp Lemonnier, a former French Foreign Legion outpost and AFRICOM’s lone forward operating site on the continent. Das könnte sie auch Interessieren . According to a 2018 briefing by AFRICOM science adviser Peter E. Teil, the military’s constellation of bases includes 34 sites scattered across the continent, with high concentrations in the north and west as well as the Horn of Africa. Joining is simple and doesn’t need to cost a lot: You can become a sustaining member for as little as $3 or $5 a month. “So we have beefed up a lot of things posture-wise with regard to these forces.” This firepower includes drones. Air Forces Africa alone, the command’s air component, has recently completed or is currently working on nearly 30 construction projects across four countries in Africa. Préfecture d'Okinawa (Naval Hospital Okinawa, Marine Corps Base Camp Smedley D. Butler (en), Torii Station (en), il reste de très nombreuses bases et aéroports militaires américains sur l'île principale d'Okinawa, appelée Okinawa Honto). En Afrique du Nord, leur présence est plus discrète : trois sites non dévoilés en Libye et une base de drones en Tunisie. Il coordonne … While China, France, Russia, and the United Arab Emirates have increased their own military engagement in Africa in recent years and a number of countries now possess outposts on the continent, none approach the wide-ranging U.S. footprint.